|Title||Negative Emotions and the Course of Depression During Psychotherapy in Suicidal Older Adults With Depression and Cognitive Impairment.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Arslanoglou E, Banerjee S, Pantelides J, Evans L, Kiosses DN|
|Journal||Am J Geriatr Psychiatry|
|Date Published||2019 Dec|
OBJECTIVE: The study examines the relationship of negative emotions with: 1) non-emotional symptoms (e.g., vegetative and physical symptoms) and 2) the course of depression in suicidal older adults with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and cognitive impairment treated with psychotherapy.
DESIGN: The authors identified a subgroup of participants (N = 26) who expressed suicidal ideation at Baseline or Week 12 from a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of two psychosocial interventions, Problem Adaptation Therapy (PATH) and Supportive Therapy for Cognitively Impaired. The authors assessed negative emotions, non-emotional symptoms of depression, depression severity, and suicidal ideation at entry, week 4, week 8, and week 12.
PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 65 years and older and had a diagnosis of unipolar depression, varying degrees of cognitive impairment (up to moderate dementia) and suicidal ideation.
SETTING: The study was conducted in the Outpatient Department of New York Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medicine in Westchester, NY.
MEASUREMENTS: Negative emotions and non-emotional items were identified with the 24-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (Ham-D).
RESULTS: Among participants with suicidal ideation, the reduction in negative emotions from baseline to week 4, week 4 to week 8, and week 8 to week 12 was significantly associated with the reduction in non-emotional symptoms of depression at weeks 4, 8, and 12 (F = 6.20, p = 0.02) and with the reduction in overall depression severity at weeks 4, 8, and 12 (F = 26.63, p <0.0001) after controlling for depression severity at baseline (HAM-D total score) and time trends.
CONCLUSION: Our findings may guide the treatment of older patients with depression and suicidal ideation to help reduce depression and suicide risk.
|Alternate Journal||Am J Geriatr Psychiatry|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC6985925|
|Grant List||P50 MH113838 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States |
P30 MH085943 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
R33 MH110542 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
R61 MH110542 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
R01 MH091045 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States